What is the difference between a misdemeanour and other legal proceedings?
Minor offences are those for which the law punishes with a minimum penalty, as the punishable conduct is not so serious. They are the former misdemeanours.
A summary of the characteristics of minor offences may be:
- Misdemeanours involve a criminal record only up to six months after the end of serving the sentenc
- For the prosecution of a misdemeanour, a prior complaint is required.
- Misdemeanours of a minor nature require a criminal record.
- Misdemeanours are not punishable by imprisonment, except in certain cases.
- Misdemeanours are subject to a one-year statute of limitations.
- The judge who decides is the examining magistrate.